1952 Copenhagen Polio Epidemic

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The 1952 Copenhagen polio epidemic and invention of the ...

    Apr 19, 2020 · In 1952, Copenhagen was hit by a polio epidemic that saw dozens of children admitted to hospital every day, many suffering polio-related paralysis that affected their breathing. This epidemic and the work of one physician led to the birth of the intensive care unit.

The History of the Ventilator Innovation Smithsonian ...

    Jun 10, 2020 · A polio outbreak in Copenhagen in 1952 led to the invention of the ventilator After one hospital struggled to sustain the breathing of hundreds of …

How a polio outbreak led to the invention of modern ...

    Apr 13, 2020 · In Copenhagen, the summer of 1952 had begun like any other. The city expected a polio outbreak – in a bad year, a few hundred would contract the disease – and officials were not surprised when, in late July, the first case presented at the Blegdamshospitalet, the city’s main treatment centre for communicable diseases.

The outbreak that invented intensive care

    In 1952, the iron lung was the main way to treat the paralysis that stopped some people with poliovirus from breathing. Copenhagen was an epicentre of one of the worst polio epidemics that the...

A preliminary report on the 1952 epidemic of poliomyelitis ...

    Lancet. 1953 Jan 3;1(6749):37-41. A preliminary report on the 1952 epidemic of poliomyelitis in Copenhagen with special reference to the treatment of acute respiratory insufficiency.Cited by: 434

Intensive care medicine is 60 years old: the history and ...

    Abstract Intensive care is celebrating its 60th anniversary this year. The concept arose from the devastating Copenhagen polio epidemic of 1952, which resulted in hundreds of victims experiencing respiratory and bulbar failure. Over 300 patients required artificial ventilation for several weeks.

Bjørn Ibsen The BMJ

    Sep 27, 2007 · Founding father of intensive care and hero of the 1952 Copenhagen polio epidemic The specialty of intensive care started in Copenhagen in 1952, when Bjørn Ibsen got a relay of doctors to manually ventilate a dying 12-year-old patient with polio. Ibsen was working as a freelance anaesthetist as there were no staff posts. The son of a salesman, he had been educated at Øregård Gymnasium in ...

The deadly polio epidemic and why it matters for coronavirus

    Mar 25, 2020 · In 1952, the number of polio cases in the U.S. peaked at 57,879, resulting in 3,145 deaths.

Remembering the polio epidemic of the 1950s: Part I

    In fact, the polio outbreak in 1952 became the worst epidemic in our nation’s history. 58,000 cases were reported that year. Of those, 3,200 died and 21,000 were left with mild to disabling...

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